Identifying predictors and patterns of illness in the period after release from prison
This study will:
- compare the health-related experiences of Indigenous and non-Indigenous ex-prisoners in WA and QLD
- identify barriers to, and facilitators of, access to appropriate community-based health care for Indigenous and non-Indigenous ex-prisoners
- explore the health consequences of prisoner exclusion from Medicare and the PBS
- identify relationships between healthcare use and physical and mental illness, death and re-offending behaviour among Indigenous and non-Indigenous ex-prisoners
- explore the impact of mental illness on physical health, health service use and offending outcomes among Indigenous and non-Indigenous ex-prisoners
Successful PhD applicants will have access to a broad range of baseline survey and longitudinal administrative health and justice data.
Data relating to socio-economic, physical and mental health circumstances of participants has been collected and will be used to measure pre-existing health and socio-economic conditions.
The administrative data record of prospective health and justice outcomes occurring after release from prison will also be examined.
A number of validated measures are incorporated into the baseline survey, so PhD students will have the opportunity to investigate the validity of these measures in a prison setting, as well as patterns of illness after release from prison.
PhD eligibility criteria specific to this project:
- Quantitative research skills with a sound understanding of biostatistics is essential
- Sound knowledge of epidemiology and epidemiological study designs is essential
- Experience working with administrative linked data is an advantage
Prospective PhD students are invited to read the below to access background research and knowledge on this project:
- Kinner SA, Lennox N, Williams GM, Carroll M, Quinn B, Boyle FM, et al. Randomised controlled trial of a service brokerage intervention for ex-prisoners in Australia. Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2013;36(1):198-206.
- Kinner SA, Jenkinson R, Gouillou M, Milloy MJ. High-risk drug-use practices among a large sample of Australian prisoners. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2012;126(1):156-60.
- Dias S, Ware RS, Kinner SA, Lennox NG. Co-occurring mental disorder and intellectual disability in a large sample of Australian prisoners. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 2013;47(10):938-44.
- Thomas EG, Spittal MJ, Taxman FS, Kinner SA. Health-related factors predict return to custody in a large cohort of ex-prisoners: new approaches to predicting re-incarceration. Health & Justice. 2015;3(1):1-13.
- Young JT, Arnold-Reed D, Preen D, Bulsara M, Lennox N, Kinner SA. Early Primary Care Physician Contact and Health Service Utilisation in a Large Sample of Recently Released Ex-prisoners in Australia: Prospective Cohort Study. BMJ Open. 2015;5(6).
Most ex-prisoners unemployed or homeless six months after release, study says
Most ex-prisoners are unemployed or homeless six months after their release, and the results are worse for people with mental illnesses, an Australian study has found.Read more
Researchers reveal injury rates of released Queensland prisoners
People released from Queensland prisons with mental health and substance abuse issues were 12 times more likely to be hospitalised compared to the general community, a study has found.Read more
University researchers discover what ex-prisoners' health looks like
In a world first, a group of researchers from the University of Melbourne have analysed hospital records for more than 13,000 people released from seven Queensland prisons a decade ago.Read more