- plan and conduct research into the physical and biological nature of the environment
- undertake laboratory work
- monitor the environmental impacts of development activities
- develop ways of minimising the impact of industrial, agricultural and urban processes on the environment
- develop conservation plans
- investigate and report on breaches of environmental guidelines
- run community education programs
- take part in responding to emergencies, such as chemical spills and accidents
- analyse pollutants, identify their sources and assess their effects on the environment
- monitor the effects of pollution and land degradation, and recommend ways of prevention and control
- rehabilitate land, water and air affected by mining, logging, construction, degradation and pollution
- conduct research and prepare proposals to lessen the impact of agriculture, grazing, new industrial and other developments on the environment
- research matters of immediate and long-term importance to governments and communities such as the impact of land clearing on native animals and the impact of waste products on waterways
- conduct environmental audits.
If you wish to become an environmental scientist, opportunities exist with government departments, statutory authorities and local councils.
You may also find employment with engineering and environmental consultants, or in the minerals and energy industries.
National landcare initiatives have led to the creation of new positions for environmental scientists.