Study the composition and structure of the earth to locate minerals and materials and advise on their extraction, and the environmental protection and rehabilitation of land after mining.



  • explore specific areas of the earth to work out its structure and the types of rocks or minerals that exist
  • study rock cores, cuttings and samples
  • study geostatistics and sampling theory
  • study fossilised life forms and date rock strata
  • study the nature and effects of natural events such as erosion, sedimentation, glaciation, earthquakes and volcanic hazards
  • locate and manage groundwater resources, investigate groundwater contamination and land salinity; undertake geochemical sampling of stream sediment and soils
  • undertake ground magnetic and gravity surveys
  • examine geological specimens in laboratories
  • assist in determining the economic viability of extracting earth resources
  • advise on the geological suitability of sites for structures such as tunnels, roads, coastal installations, bridges and water supply schemes
  • contribute information about land use, planning and rehabilitation, and the effects of pollution on seabeds to environmental assessments
  • prepare geological models to describe processes and predict future situations
  • prepare geological reports and maps

As a geologist, you could work for mining and petroleum companies; engineering and environmental consultancy firms; geological survey organisations; and state, territory and federal government departments. You could also be employed as an industry analyst and/or advise on the economic viability of particular mining projects. Geologists may progress to exploration managers and even company managers or directors.

Source: myFuture

Postgraduate Courses To Become


Coursework courses to pursue this career

Professional membership

Graduates may be eligible after a qualifying period for membership of the Australian Institute of Geoscientists and/or the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.

Postgraduate study is not necessarily required for entry to this profession but will be helpful for career advancement.

Relevant postgraduate courses include:
Postgraduate Courses To Become


Research courses to pursue this career

Relevant research courses include: