- explore specific areas of the earth to work out its structure and the types of rocks or minerals that exist
- study rock cores, cuttings and samples
- study geostatistics and sampling theory
- study fossilised life forms and date rock strata
- study the nature and effects of natural events such as erosion, sedimentation, glaciation, earthquakes and volcanic hazards
- locate and manage groundwater resources, investigate groundwater contamination and land salinity; undertake geochemical sampling of stream sediment and soils
- undertake ground magnetic and gravity surveys
- examine geological specimens in laboratories
- assist in determining the economic viability of extracting earth resources
- advise on the geological suitability of sites for structures such as tunnels, roads, coastal installations, bridges and water supply schemes
- contribute information about land use, planning and rehabilitation, and the effects of pollution on seabeds to environmental assessments
- prepare geological models to describe processes and predict future situations
- prepare geological reports and maps
As a geologist, you could work for mining and petroleum companies; engineering and environmental consultancy firms; geological survey organisations; and state, territory and federal government departments. You could also be employed as an industry analyst and/or advise on the economic viability of particular mining projects. Geologists may progress to exploration managers and even company managers or directors.
Required major/s to pursue this career
Recommended major/s to pursue this careerA second major could include:
Coursework courses to pursue this careerProfessional membership
Graduates may be eligible after a qualifying period for membership of the Australian Institute of Geoscientists and/or the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.
Postgraduate study is not necessarily required for entry to this profession but will be helpful for career advancement.
Relevant postgraduate courses include: