Study plants and their interactions with their environment in order to conserve biodiversity and benefit the natural environment, agriculture, forestry, horticulture, medicine and biotechnology.


Botanists investigate plant evolution and diversity as well as the effects of environmental and biological factors on the structure, functioning and ecology of plants.

As a botanist, you could be employed by industries such as agriculture and horticulture, environmental consulting, mining and biotechnology or in universities and research organisations.

Other major areas of opportunity include state, territory and federal government herbariums, museums, and departments and organisations concerned with conservation, forest and rangeland management, as well as fire and weeds management.

There is growing employment with environmental consultancy firms, especially in the areas of mining and environmental restoration.

Job description


  • investigate the effects of environmental factors such as climate, geology, soil, topography (surface features), fire, grazing and disease on plant growth and diversity
  • study the nature and occurrence of plant chromosomes, cells and tissues
  • grow plants under controlled conditions to assess the significance of environmental and genetic variables
  • study the genetics of plants using biochemical and molecular techniques in the laboratory in order to determine patterns of plant evolution and adaptation
  • advise food and crop developers about techniques that could enhance production and work to improve crop yields e.g. through increased pathogen or drought resistance
  • work with other scientists to develop drugs, medicines and other products from plants
  • search for, discover and classify new species of plants 
  • identify flora using diagnostic keys
  • use computers for information/data storage 
  • analyse data in order to write high quality reports and papers 
Postgraduate Courses To Become


Coursework courses to pursue this career

Postgraduate study is generally required for a career as a Botanist.

Relevant postgraduate courses include:
Postgraduate Courses To Become


Research courses to pursue this career

Research study is not necessarily required for this occupation, but may be helpful for career advancement.

Relevant research courses include: