Thi Quynh Chi Nguyen
Thesis: Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries (TURFs) and Sustainable Development in Small-scale Fisheries in Tam Giang Lagoon, Vietnam
TURF is one of the fisheries management tools to allocate resource access privileges to fishermen, promoting the rational exploitation of resources, and providing fishermen with incentives to maintain sustainable fisheries. This research is an attempt to investigate the effectiveness of TURF in addressing the “tragedy of the commons” which include overcapitalization and rent dissipation in small-scale fisheries. Data Envelopment Analysis is utilized to evaluate changes in fishing capacity brought about by applying TURF, and the impacts of TURF on economic performance. In addition, this research employs choice experiments to explore fishermen’s preferences for attributes of institutional framework in order to encourage the participation of fishermen in monitoring compliance with TURF’s regulations. This study will be conducted in Tam Giang Lagoon, located in the centre of Vietnam, which is considered as one of the largest lagoon system in Southeast Asia.
Why my research is important
Even though the effects of input and output controls in fisheries have been widely studied and discussed in the literature, the effect of TURF in terms of addressing overcapacity and economic inefficiency has received scant attention. This research aims to provide policy makers with insights into designing an effective capacity management strategy. Moreover, efficiency analysis allows fishery managers to assess what factors affect economic performance, and to assess the impacts of TURFs on fishermen’s livelihood. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this study is the first empirical evaluation on effects of the design of institutional framework attributes associated with monitoring TURF, paying particular attention to fishermen’s preferences. This research is expected to contribute significantly to the literature of sustainable fisheries development.