Trong Phuc Ho
Thesis: Profit efficiency and rice variety choice among rice farmers in Vietnam
Although Vietnam is among the world’s leading rice producers, rice farm incomes remain low. This is partly explained by the inefficient use or allocation of resources. This study aims to investigate the determinants of these inefficiencies and identify solutions that have the potential to enhance incomes. It will use a profit frontier function approach that has not been widely used in efficiency measurements in agriculture. This project is conducted in the Mekong River Delta, the country’s largest rice intensification area, where more than 50% of Vietnam’s planted rice area (4.25 million ha) is cultivated, producing more than 25 million tonnes of paddy and contributing about 90% of the rice export volume annually (6 million tonnes) (GSO 2015).
Why my research is important
Rice is an annual staple crop in Vietnam. Its’ area accounted for about 81.2% of the total annual planted area (7.8 million hectares) and produced 44.98 million tonnes of paddy (89.7% of the total annual grain outputs) (GSO 2015). Rice production is a main livelihood of more than 9 million Vietnamese households. In addition, rice exports contributed about 2.8 billion USD to the nation’s total export value (or 10.78% of the agricultural sector’s export value) (GSO 2015). The inefficient use or allocation of resources has been threatening the sustainable development of the rice subsector. Therefore, the expected findings of this study will provide useful information to assist policymakers in designing better policies to enhance rice farmer incomes and the sustainable development of the Vietnamese rice subsector. Furthermore, this study also has the potential to make a significant contribution to the literature on efficiency studies in agriculture.