The University of Western Australia

UWA Staff Profile

Ipsum Lorem

Britta Bienen

Assoc/Prof Britta Bienen

Associate Professor/ARC Postdoctoral Fellow
Centre for Offshore Foundation Systems

Contact details
Address
Centre for Offshore Foundation Systems
The University of Western Australia (M053)
35 Stirling Highway
CRAWLEY WA 6009
Australia
Phone
6488 4246
Fax
6488 1044
Email
britta.bienen@uwa.edu.au
Qualifications
BEng Napier, DipIng Aachen, PhD W.Aust.
Biography
Britta’s research activities span offshore geotechnical engineering applications from shallow to deep water and relate to both the oil and gas and the renewable energy industries. Britta joined the Centre for Offshore Foundation Systems (COFS) in 2008, was appointed Lloyd’s Register Foundation (LRF) Assistant (now Associate) Professor in 2010 and has been an Australian Research Council (ARC) Postdoctoral Fellow since 2011. Britta undertook her PhD research (Three-dimensional physical and numerical modelling of jack-up structures on sand) at COFS and was awarded the degrees of ‘Diplom-Ingenieur’ from RWTH Aachen University, Germany, and Bachelor of Engineering from Napier University, Edinburgh, UK.
Britta was part of the InSafeJIP project team that developed the international guideline ‘Improved guidelines for the prediction of geotechnical performance of spudcan foundations during installation and removal of jack-up units’. She has been a member of the International Standards Organisation (ISO) committee since 2009.
Key research
Offshore geotechnics
Centrifuge modelling
Numerical modelling
Soil–structure–fluid interaction
Development of foundation–soil interaction models
Offshore foundations under combined loading
Mobile jack-up platforms and their spudcan foundations
Foundations for offshore wind energy installations
Publications
Journal papers

J27.Rudolph, C., Bienen, B., Grabe, J. (2014). The effect of variation of the loading direction on the displacement accumulation of large diameter piles under cyclic lateral loading in sand. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, accepted 11 April 2014.

J26.Fu, D., Bienen, B., Gaudin, C., Cassidy, M.J. (2014). Undrained capacity of a hybrid subsea skirted mat with caissons under combined loading. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, dx.doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2013-0330.

J25.Zhang, Y., Cassidy, M.J., Bienen, B. (2014). A plasticity model for spudcan foundations in soft clay. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 51, pp. 629-646, dx.doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2013-0269.

J24.Zhang, Y., Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J. (2014). Jack-up push-over analyses featuring a new force resultant model for spudcans in soft clay. Ocean Engineering, Volume 81, pp. 139-149, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2014.02.008.

J23.Zhang, Y., Wang, D., Cassidy, M.J., Bienen, B. (2014). Effect of installation on the bearing capacity of a spudcan under combined loading in soft clay. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering (ASCE), accepted 9 February 2014, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001126.

J22.Vulpe, C., Bienen, B., Gaudin. C. (2013). Predicting the undrained capacity of skirted spudcans under combined loading. Ocean Engineering, Vol. 74, pp, 178-188, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2013.06.027.

J21.Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J. (2013). Set-up and resulting punch-through risk of jack-up spudcans during installation. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering (ASCE), Vol. 139, No. 12, pp. 2048-2059, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000943.

J20.Henke, S., Bienen, B. (2013). Centrifuge tests investigating the influence of pile cross-section on soil plugging behaviour. International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 50–62, http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/ijpmg.12.00012.

J19.Pucker, T., Bienen, B., Henke, S. (2013). CPT based prediction of foundation penetration in siliceous sand. Applied Ocean Research, Vol. 41, pp. 9–18, doi 10.1016/j.apor.2013.01.005.

J18.Zhang, Y., Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J. (2013). Development of a combined VHM loading apparatus for a geotechnical drum centrifuge. International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 13–30.

J17.Bienen, B., Gaudin, C., Cassidy, M.J., Rausch, L., Purwana, O.A., Krisdani, H. (2012). Hybrid skirted foundation under combined loading. Computers and Geotechnics, Vol. 45, pp. 127–139, doi 10.1016/j.compgeo.2012.05.009.

J16.Bienen, B., Rausch, L., Gaudin, C., Cassidy, M.J., Purwana, O. (2012). Numerical Modelling of the Undrained Capacity of a Hybrid Skirted Foundation under Combined Loading. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering (IJOPE), accepted 5 February 2012.

J15.Zhang, Y., Cassidy, M.J., Bienen, B. (2012). Elastic stiffness coefficients for an embedded spudcan in clay, Computers and Geotechnics, Vol. 42, pp. 89–97.

J14.Zhang, Y., Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J., Gourvenec, S. (2012). Undrained bearing capacity of deeply buried flat circular foundations under general loading. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering (ASCE), Vol. 138, No. 3, pp. 385-397, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000606.

J13.Bienen, B., Dührkop, J., Randolph, M.F., White, D.J., Grabe, J. (2012). The response of piles with wings to monotonic and cyclic lateral loading in sand. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering (ASCE), Vol. 138, No. 3, pp. 364-375, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000592.

J12.Zhang, Y., Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J. (2011). Numerical study on the undrained bearing capacity of a spudcan foundation under general loading in soft clay. Marine Structures, Vol. 24, pp. 459-477, doi:10.1016/j.marstruc.2011.06.002.

J11.Gaudin, C., Bienen, B., Cassidy M.J. (2011). Investigation of the potential of bottom water jetting to ease spudcan extraction in soft clay. Géotechnique, Vol. 61, No. 12, pp. 1043–1054, doi:10.1680/geot.2011.61.00.1.

J10.Gaudin, C., Cassidy M.J., Bienen, B., Hossain, M.S. (2011). A review of the recent contribution made by geotechnical centrifuge modelling to the understanding of jack-up spudcan behaviour. Ocean Engineering, Vol. 38, pp. 900–914, doi:10.1016/j.oceaneng.2010.12.001.

J9.Bienen, B. (2009). Predicting the load-displacement response of a mobile jack-up drilling rig on sand. Australian Geomechanics, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 1-12.

J8.Bienen, B., Gaudin, C. & Cassidy M.J. (2009). The influence of pull-out load on the efficiency of jetting during spudcan extraction. Applied Ocean Research, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 202-211.

J7.Bienen, B. & Cassidy, M.J. (2009). Three-dimensional numerical analysis of centrifuge experiments on a model jack-up drilling rig on sand. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 46, No. 2, pp. 190-207.

J6.Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J. & Gaudin, C. (2009). Physical modelling of the push-over capacity of a jack-up structure on sand in a geotechnical centrifuge. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 46, No. 2, pp. 208-224.

J5.Bienen, B., Gaudin, C. & Cassidy, M.J. (2007). Centrifuge tests of shallow footing behaviour on sand under combined vertical-torsional loading. International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 1-21.

J4.Bienen, B., Byrne, B., Houlsby, G.T. & Cassidy, M.J. (2007). Reply to discussion on “Investigating six degree of freedom loading of shallow foundations on sand” by D.V. Morris. Géotechnique, Vol. 57, No. 5, pp. 483–484.

J3.Bienen, B. & Cassidy, M.J. (2006). Advances in the three-dimensional fluid-structure-soil interaction analysis of offshore jack-up structures. Marine Structures, Vol. 19, No. 2-3, pp. 110-140.

J2.Bienen, B. & Cassidy, M.J. 2006. Three-dimensional dynamic analysis of jack-up structures. Journal of Advances in Structural Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 19-37.

J1.Bienen, B., Byrne, B., Houlsby, G.T. & Cassidy, M.J. (2006). Investigating six degree-of-freedom loading of shallow foundations on sand. Géotechnique, Vol. 56, No. 6, pp. 367-379; discussion Vol. 57, No. 5, pp. 483–484.


Conference Papers

C26a.Rudolph, C., Grabe, J., Bienen, B. (2013). Deformation behavior of piles subjected to cyclic lateral loading from a varying direction. Conference on Maritime Energy COME, Hamburg, Germany (not peer-reviewed).

C26.Kohan, O., Gaudin, C., Cassidy, M.J., Bienen, B. (2013). Centrifuge experiments to study extraction of deeply embedded spudcan using top jetting. Proc. 32nd Int. Conf. on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE), Nantes, France, OMAE2013-10468.

C25.Pucker, T., Bienen, B., Henke, S. (2012). Numerical simulation of spudcan penetration into silica sand and prediction of bearing behaviour. Proc. 31st Int. Conf. on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE), Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

C24.Zhang, Y., Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J. (2012). Analysis of the combined loading behaviour of deeply embedded spudcans in soft soils. Offshore Technology Conference (OTC), Houston, Texas, OTC 23049.

C23.Bienen, B., Pucker, T., Henke, S. (2012). Cone penetrometer based spudcan penetration prediction in uncemented carbonate sand. Offshore Technology Conference (OTC), Houston, Texas, OTC 23002.

C22.Salciarini, D., Bienen, B., Tamagnini, C. (2011). Un macroelemento a sei gradi di libertà per la modellazione di fondazioni superficiali soggette a percorsi di carico generali. Proc. XXIV Convegno Nazionale die Geotecnica, 22-24 June 2011, Naples, Italy.

C21.Zhang, Y., Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J. (2011). Developing a force-resultant footing model for spudcans in soft clays: A research strategy. Proc. 21st International Symposium on Offshore and Polar Engineering – ISOPE-2011, Maui.

C20.Gaudin, C., Mohr, H., Cassidy, M.J., Bienen, B., Purwana, O.A. (2011). Centrifuge experiments of hybrid foundation under combined loading. Proc. 21st International Symposium on Offshore and Polar Engineering – ISOPE-2011, Maui.

C19.Bienen, B., Rausch, L., Gaudin, C., Cassidy, M.J., Purwana, O.A. (2011). Numerical study of the combined load capacity of a hybrid foundation. Proc. 21st International Symposium on Offshore and Polar Engineering – ISOPE-2011, Maui.

C18.Bienen, B., Henke, S., Pucker, T. (2011). Numerical study of the bearing behaviour of circular footings penetrating into sand. Proc. 13th International Conference of the International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (IACMAG), Melbourne, Australia, Vol. 2, pp. 939-944.

C17.Salciarini, D., Bienen, B., Tamagnini, C. (2011). A ypoplastic macroelement for shallow foundations subject to six-dimensional loading paths. Proc. International Symposium on Computational Geomechanics (ComGeo II), Cavtat-Dubrovnik, Croatia.

C16.Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J., Randolph, M.F., Teh, K.L. (2010). Characterisation of undrained shear strength using statistical methods. Proc. 2nd Int. Symposium Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics (ISFOG), Perth, Australia, pp. 661-666.

C15.Zhang, Y., Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J., Gourvenec, S. (2010). Numerical study of the undrained bearing capacity of deeply embedded foundations under combined loading. Proc. 2nd Int. Symposium Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics (ISFOG), Perth, Australia, pp. 691-696.

C14.Dührkop, J., Grabe, J., Bienen, B., White, D.J., Randolph, M.F. (2010). Centrifuge experiments on laterally loaded piles with wings. Proc. 7th Int. Conf. on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics (ICPMG), Zurich, Switzerland, Vol. 2, pp. 919-924.

C13.Bienen, B., Gaudin, C., Cassidy M.J. (2010). Centrifuge study of the bearing capacity increase of a shallow footing due to preloading. Proc. 7th Int. Conf. on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics (ICPMG), Zurich, Switzerland, Vol. 2, pp. 1019-1024.

C12.Bienen, B. (2010). Shallow circular foundations under undrained general combined loading in three-dimensional space. Proc. 7th European Conference on Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering (NUMGE), Trondheim, Norway, pp. 927-932.

C11.Bienen, B., Gaudin, C., Cassidy M.J. (2009). Centrifuge experiments investigating spudcan extraction using water jetting on soft clay sites. Proc. 12th Int. Conf. The Jack-Up Platform – Design, Design, Construction & Operation, London, UK.

C10.Osborne, J.J., Houlsby, G.T., Teh, K.L., Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J., Randolph, M.F. & Leung, C.F. (2009). Improved guidelines for the prediction of geotechnical performance of spudcan foundations during installation and removal of jack-up units. Offshore Technology Conference (OTC), Houston, Texas, OTC 20291.

C9.Gaudin, C., Bienen, B. & Cassidy, M.J. (2009). Centrifuge experiments investigating the use of jetting in spudcan extraction. Proc. 19th International Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Engineering Conference & Exhibition (ISOPE), Osaka, Japan.

C8.Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J. & Gaudin, C. (2009). Push-over response of a jack-up on sand of different relative densities. Proc. 28th Int. Conf. on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE), Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

C7.Bienen, B., Byrne, B.W., Houlsby, G.T. & Cassidy, M.J. (2008). 3D modelling of a jack-up unit and its foundations. Proc. 2nd British Geotechnical Association International Conference on Foundations, IHS Press, Dundee, UK, Vol. 1, pp. 777-788.

C6.Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J., Byron-Brown, J. & Byrne, B.W. (2006). Three-dimensional modelling of offshore jack-up structures: An experimentally based research strategy. Proc. Physical Modelling in Geotechnics – 6th ICPMG 2006 (Eds. Ng, C.W.W., Zhang, L.M. & Wang, Y.H.), Hong Kong, Vol. 1, pp. 617-623.

C5.Bienen, B. (2006). Implementation of computer programs in civil engineering tutorials. Teaching and Learning Forum 2006, 1-2 February 2006, Perth, Australia.

C4.Bienen, B. & Cassidy, M.J. (2005). Simulation of the soil-structure-fluid interaction of offshore jack-up structures. Proc. 11th International Conference of IACMAG (Eds. Barla & Barla), Turin, Italy, Vol. 3, pp. 603-610.

C3.Bienen, B. & Cassidy, M.J. (2004). Three-dimensional analysis of jack-up structures. Developments in Mechanics of Structures and Materials: Proc. 18th Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (Eds. Deeks, A. & Hao, H.), Perth, Vol. 1, pp. 345-351.

C2.Bienen, B., Heyer, D. (2003). Optimierung gemischtkörniger Dichtungsstoffe bei besonderer Betrachtung des Austrocknungsverhaltens. 14. Nürnberger Deponieseminar 2003 ‘Abdichtung, Stilllegung und Nachsorge von Deponien’, Veröffentlichungen des LGA-Grundbauinstituts, Nürnberg, Heft 81, S. 137-147, Hrsg.: Dr. U. Henken-Mellies, Eigenverlag LGA.

C1.Cassidy, M.J. & Bienen, B. (2002). Three-dimensional numerical analysis of jack-up structures on sand. Proc. 12th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, Kitakyushu, Japan, Vol. 2, pp. 807-814.


Theses

Bienen, B. (2007). Three-dimensional physical and numerical modelling of jack-up structures on sand. PhD thesis, The University of Western Australia, Australia.

Bienen, B. (2001). Three-dimensional numerical analysis of jack-up structures. Diplomarbeit, Aachen University of Technology, Germany. All work reported in this thesis was carried out during my visit to the Centre for Offshore Foundation Systems (COFS), UWA, Australia.


Report for Joint Industry Project

Osborne, J.J., Houlsby, G.T., Cassidy, M.J., Randolph, M.F., Leung, C.F., Teh, K.L., Bienen, B., Hossain, M.S. (2009). InSafe JIP, First Year Progress Report. RPS Energy.

Data Report

Bienen, B., Byrne, B.W. & Houlsby, G.T. (2005). Six degree-of-freedom loading of a circular flat footing on loose sand: Experimental data. OUEL Report No. 2289/05, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, UK.

Research Report

Heyer, D., Bienen, B. & Maurer, I. (2003). Optimierung der Zusammensetzung gemischtkörniger Abdichtungsmaterialien. Abschlussbericht zum BayFORREST (Bayerischer Forschungsverbund Abfallforschung und Reststoffverwertung) Forschungsvorhaben F157; Final Report on the Bavarian Network for Waste Research and Residual Re-Use (BayFORREST) Research Project F157.
Funding received
Britta Bienen (UWA); Sascha Henke, Tim Pucker (Hamburg University of Technology, Germany), 'Unlocking the Mechanisms Governing Foundation Penetration into Carbonate Sand', UWA Research Collaboration Award, Funds approved: $10,000.

Britta Bienen 2011, 'Centrifuge Modelling of Pile Installation', Hamburg University of Technology, Germany, Funds approved: $93,690

Britta Bienen 2011, 'Centrifuge modelling of pile foundations under cyclic lateral loading from varying directions', Hamburg University of Technology, Germany, Funds approved: $40,000.

Britta Bienen (ARC APD), Mark Cassidy, 2011-2014, 'Predicting the foundation performance of offshore jack-up drilling rigs in intermediate soils'. ARC Discovery Project, Funds approved: $330,000.

Britta Bienen, 2010, 'A load capacity model for the foundations of mobile offshore platforms on clay relevant to the offshore industry', UWA Research Development Award, Funds Approved: $29,355.00.

Britta Bienen, Mark Randolph, David White (UWA); Jürgen Grabe, Jan Dührkop (Hamburg University of Technology, Germany), 2009, 'The use of winged piles to optimise the foundations for offshore energy production', Group of Eight DAAD German Research Cooperation, Funds Approved: $5,500.00 plus Euro 6,800.

Christophe Gaudin, Mark Cassidy, Britta Bienen (UWA); Okky Purwana, Matthew Quah (Keppel Offshore & Marine Pte Ltd, Singapore), 2009-2012, 'A novel foundation to extend the operation of mobile structures into deeper water', ARC Linkage Project, Funds Approved: $175,000.00.
Industrial relevance
My research investigates various aspects of offshore geotechnical engineering, including large deformation problems, consolidation and cyclic loading. These relate to applications such as jack-up drilling rigs and offshore wind farms.
Languages
German, English, some French, some Dutch, some Spanish, (Latin)
Memberships
Australian Geomechanics Society (AGS)
Honours and awards
Geotechnical Research Medal, Institution of Civil Engineers, for the paper:
Gaudin, C., Bienen, B. and Cassidy, M.J. (2011).
Investigation of the potential of bottom water jetting to ease spudcan extraction in soft clay, Geotechnique, Vol. 61, No. 12, pp. 1043-1054.

Finalist, Australian Geomechanics Society (AGS) 8th Dr Baden Clegg Award 2009
Nominated for the Faculty Teaching Award for Research Supervision in 2008.
2005 UWA Postgraduate Teaching Internship
2005 Postgraduate Students Association Research Travel Award
2004 to 2007 International Postgraduate Research Scholarship (IPRS)
Teaching
I teach the jack-up sections of CIVL3170 'Introduction to Offshore Engineering' and CIVL4122 'Offshore Geomechanics'.
New and noteworthy
Just published:

J26.Fu, D., Bienen, B., Gaudin, C., Cassidy, M.J. (2014). Undrained capacity of a hybrid subsea skirted mat with caissons under combined loading. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, dx.doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2013-0330.

J25.Zhang, Y., Cassidy, M.J., Bienen, B. (2014). A plasticity model for spudcan foundations in soft clay. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 51, pp. 629-646, dx.doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2013-0269.

J24.Zhang, Y., Bienen, B., Cassidy, M.J. (2014). Jack-up push-over analyses featuring a new force resultant model for spudcans in soft clay. Ocean Engineering, Volume 81, pp. 139-149, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2014.02.008.

J23.Zhang, Y., Wang, D., Cassidy, M.J., Bienen, B. (2014). Effect of installation on the bearing capacity of a spudcan under combined loading in soft clay. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering (ASCE), accepted 9 February 2014, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001126.
Current projects
Current projects include:

•'Unlocking the Mechanisms Governing Foundation Penetration into Carbonate Sand', UWA Research Collaboration Award

•'Predicting the foundation performance of offshore jack-up drilling rigs in intermediate soils'. ARC Discovery Project
Research profile
Research profile and publications
 

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